Potatoes are such a versatile and delicious vegetable. They’re easy to cook, and they can be used in so many different ways. You can roast them, mash them, make fries out of them…and that’s just the beginning. Potatoes deserve our undying love! We’ve put together an extensive list of everything you need to know about this wonderful tuber: its origins, how it grows and what it tastes like. So get ready for some serious potato knowledge!
In the US, potatoes are considered a vegetable, but they’re considered a starchy food in the UK.
Potatoes are considered a vegetable in the United States, but they’re considered a starchy food in the UK. This can be confusing when you’re trying to figure out what to eat for dinner–and it’s not just an issue with potatoes!
In fact, most countries have their own definition of what counts as a vegetable and what counts as a starch (or carbohydrate). These definitions vary from country to country because different cultures have different ideas about how much food should be eaten at each meal and how many servings of vegetables we need on our plates per day.
Potatoes are tubers, like sweet potatoes and yams.
Potatoes are tubers. If you’ve ever seen a sweet potato or yam, you know that they’re round, orange or brown and have a smooth skin. But what if we told you that potatoes have the same type of tuberous roots as these other vegetables?
Tubers are swollen underground stems that store food for plants to use later in life. The swollen part of this root is called a tuber; it looks like an enlarged bulb on top of your plant’s stem (or trunk). The swollen part of another kind of stem–one that doesn’t hold any food–is called a corm; these are usually green and grow aboveground from rhizomes (also known as stolons).
Potatoes are native to South America.
Potatoes are native to South America. They were first cultivated in the Andes Mountains, where they remain popular today. The Spanish brought potatoes to Europe in the 1500s.
The Incas called them “papas,” which means “potato.” The word was then adopted by European settlers and became part of many languages around the world–including English!
The Incas cultivated potatoes around 4,000 years ago.
The Incas cultivated potatoes around 4,000 years ago. They used them to make chuño, a freeze-dried potato that could be stored for years and used as an emergency food source during periods of drought or famine. The Incas also made beer and vodka from potatoes–you know, just in case you needed another reason to drink while watching football on Sundays!
The Spanish conquistadors brought the potato back to Europe after they discovered it in South America in the 16th century. They called it patata (potato), which is derived from the Aymara language spoken by indigenous people living along Lake Titicaca in Bolivia and Peru at the time of their discovery.
However, the first written record of potatoes didn’t appear until 1536.
The first written record of potatoes was in Peru in 1536. Francisco Xerez, a Spanish soldier, wrote about the tubers during his time in South America. In his report he described how they were prepared and eaten by natives and soldiers alike.
The word “potato” actually comes from the Inca language Quechua (quipu).
Sweet potatoes and yams aren’t even related to regular potatoes!
Sweet potatoes and yams aren’t even related to regular potatoes! They’re actually two different species of plant, but both are grown in tropical climates. Yams are a type of sweet potato that has been cultivated for thousands of years in Africa and Asia. Sweet potatoes are actually a hybrid between the North American white potato (Solanum tuberosum) and the South American Sunchoke (Helianthus tuberosus).
Both sweet potatoes and yams have purple-colored flesh inside their skin, which makes them look similar on the outside but different when you cut into them–you’ll see yellowish-orange flesh in a sweet potato compared with light brown or white flesh in a yam.
A single potato plant can produce up to 1 million new shoots from its stems and roots.
Potatoes are perennial plants, meaning they grow from year to year. They can be grown from seed or cuttings in the spring and fall, but some people prefer to plant potatoes in late summer for an early harvest in the spring.
Potatoes are also a good choice for container gardening because they’re easy to transport once they’ve been harvested (and if you have limited space). If you’re interested in growing potatoes this way, look for dwarf varieties such as ‘Red Pontiac’ or ‘Yukon Gold’.
If you do decide on planting your spuds directly into the ground or raised beds (or even just pots), keep these things in mind: potatoes need plenty of sunlight; they prefer well-drained soil with lots of nutrients; they should not be planted too deeply–about 4 inches deep is ideal; finally–don’t forget about those potato bugs!
There are more than 4,000 varieties of potatoes in existence!
- There are more than 4,000 varieties of potatoes in existence!
- The most common types are Russet, Red, Yellow and White.
- The most popular variety is Russet. This is the type you’ll find at your local grocery store or farmers market. It has a thin skin and floury flesh that makes it great for baking, roasting and frying.
- The most nutritious variety is Yukon Gold (also known as yellow-fleshed). This potato has a buttery taste and smooth texture when cooked–it’s perfect for mashed potatoes!
Potatoes come in many different shapes and sizes!
Potatoes come in many different shapes and sizes. The most common type of potato is the Russet, which has a thin brown skin and white flesh. The Russet is also the kind of potato you’ll find in most grocery stores because it’s easy to grow and store.
Potatoes can be boiled, baked or fried–they’re versatile! They’re also high in fiber (which helps us feel full) and vitamin C (to keep our immune systems strong). Potatoes contain potassium–an important mineral that helps regulate blood pressure–and they’re low in calories so you can eat them without feeling guilty! Plus potatoes are a good source of vitamin B6 which helps with energy metabolism as well as aiding digestion by helping break down protein into amino acids for use by our bodies
Potatoes are a versatile vegetable that can be cooked in many ways. They’re high in fiber and vitamins, making them a nutritious addition to any diet. If you want to learn more about the history of potatoes or try some new recipes with this delicious food, check out our article on everything you need to know about potatoes!